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British Association of Play Therapists

Clinical Supervision

To find a BAPT Approved Supervisor please check the ‘Find a Therapist’ directory, and search for supervisors

How to become a BAPT Approved Supervisor – Applications to become an Approved BAPT Supervisor are welcome from Qualified Play Therapist’s who are part of a PSA accredited register, with a minimum of 3 years post qualifying clinical practice experience. Please complete the form electronically and send to the BAPT office.

Download – BAPTSupervisionForm v2

 

Introduction

BAPT is committed to ensuring that BAPT Play therapists receive high quality Clinical Supervision as a core aspect of their therapeutic practice. Clinical supervision supports the practitioner in their development and understanding of the therapeutic process and their own self awareness. It also provides a quality assurance mechanism for practice and enhances public protection for users of play therapy services. This page outlines BAPT Clinical Supervision requirements.

Play Therapists are required to receive regular clinical supervision of their Play Therapy practice. Supervision is governed by the BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy and the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) requirements for membership. The standards and requirements contained within this section have been agreed between the BAPT Board of Directors and the BAPT Training & Education Sub -committee in consultation with the BAPT membership. Members also need to ensure their supervision and supervisory practice reflects the principles outlined within the BAPT Equal Opportunities policy (2013) and promotes anti discriminatory practice.

Clinical Supervision requirement

The Ethical guide to Good Practice in Play Therapy (2008) section 1.4 outlines the expectations of BAPT members in relation to Supervision. It states:
– All Play Therapists, including Supervisors, are required to receive on-going, appropriate, formal and regular supervision independently of their managerial relationships.
– Supervisors have a responsibility to maintain the good practice of Supervisees and to protect clients from harm and bad practice.
– Supervision must be provided by an appropriately qualified and experienced Play Therapist, except where no such Play Therapist exists in the geographical region. In such circumstances the Play Therapist must receive supervision from an appropriately qualified and experienced Child Therapist.
– Supervision must involve face to face contact, except in circumstances where physical distance between the Play Therapist and an available Supervisor precludes such contact.
– Play Therapists must receive supervision adequate to maintaining their level of competency, functioning and good practice

Definitions

BAPT deifnes Clinical Supervision in Play Therapy as:

“A formal and mutually agreed relationship between two Play Therapists where the supervisor is a significantly more experienced and competent Play Therapist than the supervisee. The aim of this supervision is to monitor, develop and support the supervisee’s Play Therapy practice. This supervision will be independent of all managerial relationships.”

A Play Therapy hour is defined as:

“Any one clock hour that involves any action directly relating to the delivery of Play Therapy, including Play Therapy sessions, assessment, parent/carer contact, received supervision and reviews. This does not include any indirect actions, such as line management, supervisory practice, staff meetings, professional liaison etc.”

Type of Clinical Supervisor

Full Members
The requirement for Full members is defined as follows:

Clinical supervision of play therapy practice should usually be provided by a BAPT approve Clinical supervisor who will usually be a qualified Play Therapist. Where no BAPT qualified Clinical Supervisor is available for supervision, members may seek other appropriately qualified and experienced therapists with specialist experience of working with children and young people. This could include one of the following:
i. ACP/ UKCP registered Child Psychotherapist or Psychotherapist
ii. HCPC registered Art Therapist – includes Arts therapist, drama therapist, music therapist.
iii. BPS Chartered Clinical Psychologist
iv. UKCP registered Family Therapist
v. FRCP registered Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist
The above professionals must have also completed a minimum of 250 post-qualified therapy hours with children and/or young people.

Clinical Supervisor experience: Clinical supervisors will hold significantly greater experience of Play Therapy practice than their supervisee. Other professional experience is not considered appropriate unless it relates specifically to qualified child therapy practice. As a guide, ‘significantly greater experience’ is defined as a minimum of two years greater experience than the supervisee. We would expect that a clinical supervisor would have completed a minimum of 200 hours of post qualifying Play Therapy hours.

Student Members

The requirement for BAPT student play therapists is defined as follows:

Clinical supervision during training must be provided by a BAPT approved Clinical Supervisor who will be a qualified play therapist.

Clinical supervisor experience: Clinical supervisors will hold significantly greater experience of Play Therapy practice than their supervisee. Other professional experience is not considered appropriate unless it relates specifically to qualified child therapy practice. As a guide, ‘significantly greater experience’ in this instance is defined as a minimum of three years greater experience than the supervisee. We would expect that an experienced student supervisor would have completed a minimum of 300 hours of post qualifying Play Therapy hours and 100 hours of completed play therapy supervision.

Quantity of Clinical Supervision

BAPT Full members

The BAPT CPD Portfolio indicates that qualified and experienced Play Therapists should receive different amounts of supervision according to the level of monthly workload and the intensity of the work i.e. the number of children and frequency of sessions with each child. These guidelines are provided as a minimum recommendation for safe play therapy practice.
BAPT Play Therapists remain responsible for ensuring that they receive the appropriate level of clinical supervision for their individual workload – if their overall practice hours increase, they should consider with their clinical supervisor whether they need to increase the level of supervision beyond the minimum requirement outlined here. This is an important clinical judgment to be made in conjunction with their supervisor.

Category A: 1-5 children per month = minimum of 4 hours supervision in any 12month period

Category B: 6-10 children per month= minimum of 8 hours supervision in any 12month period

Category C: 11-15 children per month = minimum of 12 hours supervision in any 12month period

Category D: 16-20 children per month = minimum of 18 hours supervision in any 12month period

It is the responsibility of the Play Therapist to inform the workplace of the need for clinical supervision and to ensure that it is sufficient to meet their own and their clients’ needs. Complex cases usually need more liaison, record-keeping and possibly, supervision time.

NOTE: Clinical Supervisiors and managers of services not practising play therapy but providing supervision should undergo clinical supervision in line with agency policy. This should be in line with BAPT Code of Good Practice in Play therapy (2008).

Probationary year following qualification
The BAPT CPD Portfolio requires newly qualified Play Therapists to undergo a probationary period for twelve months from the point of beginning practice. During this 12 Month period of play therapy practice BAPT requires a minimum of 24 hours clinical supervision for newly qualified members.  It is the responsibility of the Play Therapist to inform their workplace of the need for minimum supervision hours and to negotiate with employers to ensure that there is sufficient time allowed to develop reflective practice.

Student Supervision Requirements:

During Play therapy training, students are required to undergo more regular and intensive supervision to support their professional understanding and development.
Students completing the 100 clinical hour requirement as part of their qualifying programme are required to complete 50 clinical supervision hours. Students under this requirement will experience a ratio of 1:2 – 1 clinical supervision hour for every 2 hours of clinical practice hours. BAPT believes that this most effectively supports students in their professional development during training.

Format of Clinical Supervision

Telephone/Webcam usage: Clinical supervision will usually involve face-to-face supervision, except where geographic location significantly precludes this. In such circumstances, telephone or webcam supervision will be accepted. Email and paper only formats are not accepted as part of supervision. Telephone and ‘webcam’ supervision must be supplemented with audio, video and/or written details of the supervisee’s clinical practice.

Group Supervision: Group supervision will not include more than four supervisees. Group supervision will be calculated by the addition of one half of the required supervision i.e. 1.5 group supervision hours are equivalent to 1 individual supervision hour. 3 group supervision hours are equivalent to 2 individual supervision hours.

Peer Supervision: Peer supervision is only accepted for qualified Play Therapists who have completed a minimum of 5000 post qualifying Play Therapy hours. Peer supervision must be used in addition to individual or group supervision; Play Therapists cannot only be supervised through peer supervision. This mode of supervision will only include members of similar experience – lesser experienced members cannot receive supervision as part of a peer supervision group.

Role and responsibilities of the Clinical Supervisor

The Clinical Supervisor has a responsibility and duty of care to the supervisee, the supervisee’s clients and to the supervisee’s employer. The Clinical Supervisor monitors, supports and advises the supervisee regarding all aspects of their Play Therapy practice and, if appropriate, personal issues that should be taken to personal therapy.

The Clinical Supervisor’s duty of care* towards the supervisee will include:
• Not engaging in exploitative or unethical conduct towards the supervisee;
• Obtaining informed consent or agreeing a contract for Clinical Supervision with the Supervisee (if appropriate, consent will also be sought from the Supervisee’s Employer).
• Acting within limits of own training, expertise and competence;
• Providing selection and skilled use of methods appropriate to the Supervisee’s situation;
• Not harming the Supervisee as a result of physical or psychological methods employed;
• Not giving inaccurate or damaging advice;
• Clarifying and maintaining agreed or employer’s limits to confidentiality;
• Making appropriate referral to another Clinical Supervisor or agency when required;
• Ending Clinical Supervision in a way consistent with Supervisee’s best interests.
(Based on Jenkins, P. (2007) Counselling, Psychotherapy and the Law 2nd Edition. London: Sage Publications.)

The legal responsibilities of the Clinical Supervisor are:

Towards Clients:
• Duty to maintain confidentiality;
• Right to break confidentiality in the public interest.

Towards Supervisee:
• Duty of care;
• Duty to maintain confidentiality;
• Right to break confidentiality in the public interest;
• Compliance with terms and conditions of supervision contract with Supervisee;
• Provision of service quality consistent with consumer legislation.

Towards supervisee’s employer:
• Duty of Care;
• Duty to maintain confidentiality;
• Right to break confidentiality in the public interest;
• Provision of service quality consistent with consumer legislation.

General:
• Compliance with Data Protection Act 1998;
• Compliance with Human Rights Act 1998 and Equality Act 2010
• Compliance with Children Act 1989 & Children Act 2004
• Compliance with Mental Health Act 1983 & 2007

Duties of the Clinical Supervisor

Towards Clients:
• Ensure clients have been appropriately selected according to the Supervisee’s experience, competencies and ability;
• Ensure Supervisee’s practice and conduct conforms to BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy.

Towards Supervisee:
• Undertake Clinical Supervision appropriate to the Supervisor’s experience, competencies and ability;
• Undertake supervision training and any other related professional development activities that enhance the quality of supervisory practice;
• Facilitate on-going supervisory relationship;
• Offer clear and honest information regarding supervisor’s Play Therapy and supervisory experience and training;
• Provide clear contract regarding fees and services provided in Clinical Supervision;
• Advise, guide and monitor Supervisee’s practice and conduct in all areas of Play Therapy practice;
• Support the Supervisee;
• Ensure Supervisee’s practice and conduct conforms to BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy;
• Ensure Supervisee’s practice is competent, ethical and appropriate;
• Facilitate Supervisee’s learning and awareness of strengths and weaknesses;
• Facilitate Supervisee’s personal and professional development;
• Enable Supervisee to delineate between supervisory issues and personal therapy issues.

Towards Supervisee’s employer:
• Acknowledge and respect accountability of Supervisee’s employer for service provision;
• Consult Supervisee’s employer over serious causes for concern and breaches of the BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy;
• Ensure Supervisee’s practice and conduct conforms to BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy.

Towards BAPT:
• Undertake Clinical Supervision appropriate to the Supervisor’s experience, competencies and ability;
• Undertake supervision training and any other related professional development activities that enhance the quality of supervisory practice;
• Ensure supervisory practice and conduct conforms to BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy;
• Ensure supervisory practice and conduct conforms to BAPT Equal Opportunities Statement and Policy;
• Consult Supervisee’s employer over serious causes for concern and breaches of the BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy.

 

Context of Clinical Supervision

Clinical supervision will be independent of all managerial relationships and will not involve any multiple relationships with the Supervisee.

Clinical Supervisors’ practice will fully comply with the BAPT Equal Opportunities Policy Statement and Policy (2013). With regard to this policy, Clinical Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that they:
i. Are aware of relevant equal opportunities legislation and how it applies to their particular supervisory practice;
ii. Regularly review and evaluate the ways in which they undertake their work in order to ensure that standards of practice are being applied fairly to all Supervisees;
iii. Provide access to review and evaluation procedures and results.

Delivery of Clinical Supervision
The delivery of Clinical Supervision will include the following:
i. Completion of a supervisory contract that includes services offered, fees and other relevant details;
ii. Regular review and evaluation of supervisory services;
iii. Acknowledgement and sensitivity of the power dynamics between Supervisor and Supervisee;
iv. Acknowledgement and sensitivity of issues concerning difference and diversity;
v. Full compliance with the BAPT Ethical Basis for Good Practice in Play Therapy;
vi. Full compliance with the Data Protection Act (1998) and related legislation;
vii. Supervisory practice will reflect the Supervisor’s theoretical and philosophical orientation;
viii. Supervisors will enshrine the BAPT core competencies;
ix. Acknowledgement and sensitivity of the dynamic parallel process between the supervised cases and the supervision of the cases.

Complaints issues

If a complaint against a Clinical supervisor is made or upheld under the BAPT Professional Conduct Procedure, about either the Supervisor’s Practice as a Play Therapist, and/or as a Supervisor, BAPT may withdraw indefinitely or for a period, that person’s approval as a Supervisor , pending the outcome of the Complaints process. The Clinical Supervisor may need to make a re-application to become a Supervisor following the completion of the Professional Conduct Process or completion of a Sanction under that process.

Supervisors for Clinical Supervisory practice

BAPT full members who clinically supervise Play Therapists are required to receive supervision of their supervisory practice.

Qualification: Clinical Supervision of Supervisory practice must be provided by a qualified therapist/counsellor who is an approved/accredited Supervisor by their professional body. Such supervisors should be one of the following registered professionals:
i. ACP/ UKCP registered Child Psychotherapist or Psychotherapist
ii. HCPC registered Art Therapist – includes Arts therapist, drama therapist, music therapist.
iii. BPS Chartered Clinical Psychologist
iv. UKCP registered Family Therapist
v. FRCP registered Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist
vi. BAPT approved supervisor

Supervisory experience: Clinical supervisors of supervisory practice will hold significantly greater experience of supervisory practice than the Play Therapy Clinical Supervisor. As a guide ‘significantly greater experience’ is defined as a minimum of two years greater experience than the Play Therapy Clinical Supervisor. Two years must include on-going supervisory practice and should include a minimum of 150 completed supervisory practice hours.

A list of approved supervisors is available from the BAPT website – click here

(Updated September 2014)